The Kingdom of Cambodia
(pronounced / kæmˈboʊdiə/), formerly known as Kampuchea
Preăh Réachéa Nachâk Kâmpŭchea, derived from Sanskrit Kambujadesa (कम्बोजदेश)), is a country in South East Asia, famous as the successor state of the once powerful Hindu and Buddhist Khmer Empire, which ruled most of the Indochinese Peninsula between the 11th and 14th centuries. Today, the country borders Thailand to its west and northwest, Laos to its northeast and Vietnam to its east and southeast. In the south it faces the Gulf of Thailand. The geography of Cambodia is dominated by the Mekong River (colloquial Khmer: Tonle Thom (ទន្លេធំ
) or "the great river") and the Tonlé Sap (ទន្លេសាប
; "the fresh water lake"), an important source of fish.
Along with Brunei, Thailand and Malaysia, Cambodia still maintains the monarchy. In 2004, bachelor Norodom Sihamoni was crowned king, succeeding his father Norodom Sihanouk. Phnom Penh is thekingdom's capital and largest city and is the center for industry, political headquarters, tourism services, commercial, economic power and culture for the whole country.
Siem Reap is a site for tourism and recreation. Battambang is known for rice production and Sihanoukville is the primary port.
Cambodia has an area of approximately 181,035 square kilometres (69,898 sq mi) and a population of over 14 million ethnic Khmer. A citizen of Cambodia is usually identified as "Cambodian" or "Khmer", though the latter strictly refers to ethnic Khmers. Most Cambodians are Theravada Buddhists of Khmer extraction, but the country also has a substantial number of predominantly Muslim Cham, as well as ethnic Chinese, Vietnamese and small animist hill tribes.
Agriculture has long been the most important sector of the Cambodian economy, with around 59% of the population relying on agriculture for their livelihood (with rice being the principal crop). Garments, tourism, and construction are also important, yielded, foreign visitors to Angkor Wat numbered more than 4 million. In 2005, oil and natural gas deposits were found beneath Cambodia's territorial waters, and once commercial extraction begins in 2011, the oil revenues could profoundly affect Cambodia's economy. Observers fear much of the revenue could end up in the hands of the political elites if not monitored correctly.
Kingdom of Cambodia
|Capital (and largest city)|
|Demonym||Khmer or Cambodian|
|Government ||Constitutional monarchy, Parliamentary representative democracy|
|Prime Minister||Hun Sen|
69,898 sq mi
|Population(2009 estimate) ||14,805,000|
|Cambodia religiosity |
|Currency||Riel (banknotes and coins) (៛) (KHR)|
|Time zone ||(UTC+7)|
|Drives on the||right|
On 22 December 2008, King Norodom Sihamoni signed a Royal Decree that changed the municipalities of Kep, Pailin and Sihanoukville into provinces, as well as adjusting several provincial borders.
| No.||City or Province || Area|
|Km²|| sq mi|
| 1||Capital of Phnom Penh||290||112 |
| 2||Kandal Province||3,568||1,378 |
| 3||Takeo Province||3,563||1,376|
| 4||Kampong Cham Province||9,799||3,783|
| 5||Kampong Thom Province ||13,814 ||5,334 |
| 6||Siem Reap Province||10,299 ||3,976|
| 7||Preah Vihear Province||13,788||5,324|
| 8||Oddar Meancheay Province ||6,158||2,378|
| 9||Banteay Meanchey Province ||6,679 ||2,579 |
| 10||Battambang Province ||11,072 ||4,275|
| 11||Pailin Province||803 ||310|
| 12||Pursat Province||12,692 ||4,900 |
| 13||Kampong Chhnang Province ||5,521 ||2,132|
| 14||Kampong Speu Province||7,017 ||2,709|
| 15||Koh Kong Province||11,160 ||4,309 |
| 16||Sihanoukville Province||868 ||335|
| 17||Kampot Province||4,873.2 ||1,881.6|
| 18||Kep Province||335.8 ||129.7|
| 19||Prey Veng Province||4,883||1,885|
| 20||Svay Rieng Province||2,966||1,145|
| 21||Kratie Province||11,094 ||4,283|
| 22||Stung Treng Province||11,092||4,283|
| 23||Ratanakiri Province||10,782 ||4,163|
| 24||Mondulkiri Province||14,288 ||5,517|
| 25||Tonlé Sap||3,000 ||1,158|